University fo Dubai

Information Skills

Research Assistance

Citing sources

1. Harvard Manual of style based on Manual of Style 2010

General information:

Common Elements: All entries in the bibliography will include the author (or editor, compiler, translator), title, and details of publication.

Author’s name(s): The author’s name in the bibliography is reversed, placing the last name first, followed by initials of the given name(s) and middle name(s), separated by a comma. For instance Mohammad Abid Ghauri becomes Ghauri, MA

Titles: Titles and subtitle (if given) of books, journals newspapers etc., are italicized.

Publication Information: The year of publication is listed after author’s name and initials.

Punctuation: In a bibliography, all major elements are separated by periods.

Book citation

a)Work of individual author or editor

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s), Initial(s) Year. Book Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition. Publisher: Place.

Example: Berkman, RI 1994, Find it first: how to uncover expert information on any subject, Harper Perrenial, New York.

b)Work of multiple authors or editors

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s) Year. Book Title: Subtitle (in italic). Edition. Publisher: Place.

Example: (2 authors) Cengel, YA & Boles MA 1994, Thermodynamics: an engineering approach, 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, London.

(3 authors or more) Jull G, Sterling, M, Fallah D, Treleaven J. & O’Leary S, 2008, Whiplash headache and neck pain: research based on directions for physical therapies. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

Anonymous work (No Author): Elements: Book title: Subtitle. Edition. Year, Publisher: Place.

Example: Be, know, do: leadership the army way 2004, Joy-Bass, San Francisco.

c)Citing chapters in a book

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s) initial(s) (chapter author(s)) Year, ‘Chapter Title: Subtitle’ (in single quotation marks), In Editor(s) Given name(s) initial(s) - Surname (Eds.), Book title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition, Publisher: Place, page numbers.

Example: Bernstein, D 1995, ‘Transportation planning’, in WF Chen (Ed.), The civil engineering handbook, CRC Press : Boca Raton, pp. 231-61.

Conference paper

 

Elements: Surname, Given name(s) initial(s) Year of publication, ‘Title: subtitle’ (in single quotation marks), Title of published proceedings which include place held and date(s) (in italics) Publisher, Place, Page number(s)

Example: (Published) Bourassa, S 1999, ‘Effects of child care on young children’, Proceedings of the third annual meeting of the International Society for Child Psychology, International Society for Child Psychology, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 44-6.

Example: (Unpublished) Bowden, FJ & Fairley CK 1996 ‘Endemic STDs in the Northern Territory: essentials of effective rate of partner change’, paper presented to the scientific meeting of the Royal Australian College of Physicians, Darwin, 24-25 June.

Journal citation

 

(a)Journal article (Printed)

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s) Year, ‘Title: Subtitle’ (in single quotation marks), Journal title (in italic), volume, issue, page numbers.

Example: Huffaman, LM 1996, ‘Processing whey protein for use as a food ingredient’, Food Technology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 44-56.

(b)Journal article (Electronic)

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s) Year, ‘Title: Subtitle,’ (in single quotation marks) Journal title (in italic), volume number, issue, page numbers and (DOI or URL).

Example: Daniel, TT 2009, ‘Learning from simpler times’, Risk Management, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 40-44. viewed 30 January 2009. http://proquest.umi.com

Thesis and dissertations

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initials Year, ‘Title: subtitle’ (in single quotation marks and not in italics), Award, Institution issuing degree, Location of Institution.

Example: Exelby, HRA 1997, ‘Aspects of gold and mineral liberation’, PhD thesis, University of Queensland, Brisbane.

Newspaper and popular magazine

Elements: Author(s) surname, Given name(s) initial(s) Year ‘title: subtitle’ (in single quotation marks), Title of Newspaper / Magazine (in italics) day month, page number(s).

Example: (Printed) Simpson L, 1997 ‘Tasmania’s railway goes private.’ Australia’s Financial Review, 13 October, p. 10.

Example: (electronic) Porteous, C 2007, ‘Rudd blamed for drought.’ Courier Mail, 15 August, p. 17. Viewed 27 February 2009. http://global.factiva.com

2. American Psychological Association (APA) based on manual of style of 2010.

General information:

Common Elements: All entries in the bibliography will include the author (or editor, compiler, translator), title, and details of publication.

Author’s names: The first author’s name should be reversed, with the last name coming first and separated by comma. First names and other middle names are given as initials. For instance Mouayad Joumah becomes Joumah, M.

Titles: All titles of book, journals etc are italicized. First letter of the title and subtitle (if given) and proper nouns are capitalized.

Publication information: The year of publication is placed directly after author(s) name(s) in parentheses.

Punctuation: All major elements are separated by periods.

Book citation

a)Work of individual author or editor

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s) initial(s). (Year). Book Title: Subtitle (in italic). Place: Publisher.

Example: Soderberg, J. (2008). Hacking capitalism: The free and open source movement. New York: Routledge

b)Work of multiple authors or editors

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s). (Year). Book title: Subtitle (in italic). Place: Publisher.

Adekola, A., & Sergi, B. S. (2007). Global business management: A cross-cultural perspective. Aldershot, England: Ashtage.

c)Edited book with Author

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s). (Year). Book title: Subtitle (in italic), editor’s full name (initials & surname) Place: Publisher.

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals, K. V. Kurkil (ed.) New York, NY: Anchor

d)Citing chapters in a book

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s) (chapter author(s)). (Year). Title: Subtitle (of chapter). In Editor First initial. Second initial. Surname (Editor of book/proceeding) (Ed.), Book title: Subtitle. (page number(s)). Place: Publisher

Example: O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Man and Women gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York: Springer.

(e)Anonymous work (No author)

 

Elements: Book title: Subtitle. Edition. (Year) Place: Publisher.

Example: (Printed version) Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2005). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Example: (electronic version) Heuristic. (n.d.). in Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic

NB: n.d. = no date (for books without publication date.)

Journal citation

(a)Journal article (Printed – Single author)

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s) initial(s). (Year). Title: Subtitle. Journal title (in italic), volume number(issue), page number(s).

Jackson, L. (2010). Enterprise resource planning systems: Revolutionizing lodging human resources management. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 2(1), 20-29.

(b)Journal article (Printed- multiple authors )

Elements: Author Surname(s), Given name(s) initial(s) (separated by commas [,]). (Year). Title: Subtitle. Journal title (in italic), volume number (issue), page number(s).

Zhong, K., Gribbin, D. & Zheng, X. (2007). The effect of monitoring by outside blockholders on earnings management: QJFA & QJBE. Quarterly Journal of Finance and Accounting, 46(1), 37-60.

(c)Journal article (Electronic)

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s) initial(s). (Year). Title: Subtitle, Journal title (in italic), volume number (issue), page number(s) (DOI or URL).

Example - Journal: Aderonke, A. A. & Charles, A. K. (2010). An empirical investigation of the level of user’s acceptance of e-banking in Nigeria. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce, 15(1), 1-13 Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/503276870?accountid=44597

Newspaper and popular magazine

Elements: Author(s) Surname, Given name(s) initial(s). (Year, Month, date). Title: subtitle (of article). Title (of newspaper or magazine) and page number(s) (for printed version) or URL (for electronic version).

Example: (printed) Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4. (precede pages with p. or pp.)

Example: (electronic) Brody, J.E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http:www.nytimes.com

3. Chicago Manual of Style based on 16th ed. (Notes and Bibliography)

General information:

Common elements: All entries in the bibliography will include the author (or editor, compiler, translator), title and details of publication.

Author’s names: The author’s name is reversed in the bibliography, placing the last name first and separating the last name and first name with comma; for instance, Ali Maamiry becomes Maamiry, Ali.

Titles: Titles of books, journals are italicized. Titles of articles, chapters, poems, etc. are placed in quotation marks (“).

Publication information: The year of publication is listed after the publisher or journal name.

Punctuation: In a bibliography, all major elements are separated by periods.

Book citation

a)Work of individual author or editor

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s). Book Title: Subtitle (in italics). Place: Publisher, Year.

Example:Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: a natural history of four meals. New York : Penguin, 2006.

b)Work of multiple authors or editors

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s), Author(s) Given name(s) and Surname(s). Book title: Subtitle(in italic). Place: Publisher, Year.

Two Authors or more:

Examples:Ward, Geoffrey C, and Ken Burns. The War: The Intimate History, 1941-1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.

For more than four authors, list all the authors in the bibliography and only the first author in notes.

Editor , compiler or translator instead of author

Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Editor , compiler or translator in addition to author

Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape, 1988.

c)Citing chapters in a book

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s) (chapter author). ” Title: Subtitle (of chapter).” In Book title: Subtitle editor (s) name (s).” (page number(s)). Place: Publisher, Year.

Example:Kelly, John D. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax American, and the Moral Economy of War”. In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell and Jeremy Walton, 67-83. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2010.

d)Electronic books

If the book is available in more than one format, cite the consulted format. For the book consulted online cite the URL.

Elements: Surname, Given name(s). Title: Subtitle. Place: Publisher, Year.

Example: Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.

Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

Journal article citation

a)Journal article (Printed)

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s). “Title: Subtitle.” Journal title (in italic), volume number, Issue number (Year): page range.

Example: Weintein, Joshua I. “The Market in Plato’s Republic.” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 439-58.

b)Journal article (Electronic)

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s). “Title: Subtitle.” Journal title (in italic), Volume number, Issue number (Year): page number(s). DOI or URL (Accessed date)

Example: Kossinet, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. “Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network.” American Journal of Sociology, 115 (2009): 405-50. Accessed February 28, 2010. doi:10.1086/599247.

Citing article in a newspaper or popular magazine

Articles may be cited in running text and may be omitted in the bibliography, if you consulted online version, include URL.

Elements: Author Surname, Given name(s). “Title: subtitle,” Newspaper title, date (m/d/y)

Example: Mendelsohn, Daniel. “But Enough About Me,” New Yorker, January 25, 2010.

Stolber, Sheryl Gay, and Robert Pear. “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote,” New York Times, February 27, 2010. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/politics/28health.html.

Thesis or dissertation citation

Elements: Surname, Given name(s). “Thesis title: subtitle.” Award. Institution issuing degree, Year.

Example: Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Destiny.” PhD diss. University of Chicago, 2008.

Conference paper

Elements: Surname, Given name(s) “title: subtitle.” meeting/conference name, Place, date (m/d/y).

Example: Adelman, Rachel. “Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On: God’s Footstool in the Aramaic Targumim and Midrashic Tradition.” Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Society of Biblical literature, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21-24, 2009.

Website

A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text or note, but if more information desired can be cited as follows:

Example: Google. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11, 2009. http://www.google.com/intl/en/privacypolicy.html.